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Old Mills in the United States

Exterior & History
Interior
Oldest House
Nantucket Island

Nantucket Windmill - Interior
Nantucket Windmill, Nantucket Massachusetts - Interior - Bull Wheel, Wooden Gears, Cap
Bull Wheel and Wooden Gear on top of the Drive Shaft
Located at the Top of the Windmill in the Cap
Nantucket Windmill, Nantucket Massachusetts - Interior - Bull Wheel, Wooden Gears, Cap, Wind Shaft
Bull Wheel with Wooden Teeth
Nantucket Windmill, Nantucket Massachusetts - Interior - Bull Wheel, Wooden Gears, Cap, Drive Shaft, Spindle
Nantucket Windmill, Nantucket Massachusetts - Interior - Bull Wheel, Wooden Gears, Cap
Different Perspective of the Bull Wheel
The Black Wood in the Center of the Picture is the Curb
The Curb is where the Cap Moves so the Masts can Face the Wind
Nantucket Windmill - Bull Wheel, Wooden Gears, Cap, Wind Shaft, Spindle, Shaft
In water mills, the bull wheel is connected directly to the water wheel.
Here in a windmill, the bull wheel is directly connected to the wind shaft.
Nantucket Windmill - Bull Wheel, Wooden Gears, Cap, Wind Shaft, Spindle, Shaft
Nantucket Windmill - Hopper with Corn
Hopper with Corn
The hopper funnels the corn into the shoe which is then placed into the eye of the mill stones.
Nantucket Windmill - Mill Stones, Stone Case, Hopper with Corn
This is an excellent example of the corn dropping into the eye of the mill stones. The top running stone throws the corn meal outside of the stones and are then chuted into bags. The mill stones are covered with the a wooden cover aka stone cap.
Nantucket Windmill - Corn being funneled into eye of mill stones.
An amazing perspective of the corn being channeled into the mill stone.
Remember the top stone is the one that turns and the bottom stone is fixed in position.
Nantucket Windmill - Hopper, Damsel, Shoe, Spindle
Different View
Nantucket Windmill - Hopper, Damsel, Shoe, Spindle
The shoe is funneling the corn into the eye.
The damsel is shaking the shoe to feed the corn into the eye.
Nantucket Windmill - Ground Corn Meal & Scale
Ground Corn Meal ready to be Weighed
Nantucket Windmill - Hopper, Damsel, Shoe, Spindle
The set of mill stones are extremely large at Nantucket Windmill.
Together they weigh as much as 3,500 to 4,000 pounds.
"The lever arm (horizontal beam in center of the photo) operates the system of levers which controls the distance between the grinding stones. When the arm is raised, the upper stone is lowered into the grinding position." (Plaque Above)
Nantucket Windmill - Interior Wall
Built in 1745, the timbers you see in the wall of Nantucket Windmill are likely to be over 268 years old.
Notice the treenails (wooden pins) that connect the bracing timbers. Pretty Cool !
Nantucket Windmill -
Nantucket Windmill - Drive Shaft, Spindle
Nantucket Windmill - Steps to Second Level
Steps to the Second Level
Nantucket Windmill - Bedstone
Interior from Second Level Perspective
The Bedstone (fixed stone) is at the Top of this Photo.
Nantucket Windmill - Tools
Tools
Nantucket Windmill - Artifacts
Artifacts
Nantucket Windmill - Large Wooden Screw, Part of the Hook and Crane to Lift the Runner Stone
Large Wooden Screw
Used to move the Hook and Crane to Lift and Flip the Runner Stone
Once Flipped the Runner Stone and the Bedstone can be Dressed and Sharpened
Nantucket Histoical Association: Click Here for their website.
Hours: Open from Memorial Day weekend through Columbus Day weekend from 11:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Daily. Tours are every 1/2 hour, last tour at 3:30. Admission.
Directions: Nantucket Island, on the corner of South Mill Street, York Street and Prospect Street
Address: 50 Prospect Street, Nantucket, MA 02554
Click Here to see Nantucket Windmill at Google Maps.
Bibliography:
Beals, Fred. Windmill List. Society for the Preservation of Old Mills. Mishawaka IN 2002
Burrows, Fredrika A. Windmills on Cape Cod and the Islands Tauton, Mass: William S. Sullwold Publishing, Inc, 1978. 92-97.
Cape Cod. Map. Rand McNally, 2000.
Nantucket Historical Association. www.nha.org Nantucket MA. 2002.
"Nantucket Proud of Its Ancient Windmill." No publisher. No date.
Turner, H. B. "Nantucket's Old Wind-Mill." The Inquirer and Mirror 2 Aug 1941; Nantucket Historical Association 77-30 (22f) P.F.M.

 

 

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